Glandore Hydroponic Nutrients, Lights and Equipment
Glossary   
Search  
   
Browse by Category
Cannaversity .: Cannabis Cultivation .: Propagating Cannabis .: The Germination Process

The Germination Process

SukonmiSkunk  put together this little tutorial to show how the seeding process goes... so here we go....

Day 1
just fill a glass with water and float how ever many seeds you wish to crack... I will be using these to make a fresh batch of seeds so I am planting out a few to see the consistancy and to chose some strong females to grow and seed and a strong male for some pollin for the seeding....  here you can see the seeds floating on top of the water.. just plain water...

1WHseeding_day1.top.pic22WHseeding_day1.rootsview

Day 3
The seeds have cracked.. well they cracked at the second day but there were a few stubborn ones so I gave them an extra day .

 3WHseeding_day3.top.pic2 4WHseeding_day3.rootsview.pic2

Day 5
ok these have been in the water for 5 days and are ready to be planted... its important to be careful not to sink them through this process as they will go rotten.. just don't poke them and they will be fine...

5WHseeding_day5.topview.pic1 6WHseeding_day5.rootsview.pic1

ok now we are ready for planting... heres how to make a simple seedling mix..
Ive got some wormcasting here, from my worm farm.. if you done have one get one. also some saw dust collected from my chainsaw.. its stringy bark and red gum.. and some perlite. Sieve the wormcastings to get the lumps and rock out... 1 scoop wormcastings, 2 scoops perlite and 2 scoops sawdust...

7WHseeding_day5planiting.wormcastings.pic1 8WHseeding_day5planiting.wormcastings.pic3

 9WHseeding_day5planiting.sawdust.pic2 10WHseeding_day5planiting.perlite

Ok just give it a good mix up then add a little water... not too much.. just enough to wet it.. not to soak it...then mix well to be sure everything is blended properly. one thing with this mix.. is you could add horticultural sand if you have it.. just make the quantities equal... ya want about 25% wormcastings.. this mix gives me %20.. so its still pretty right...the mix I got from Gardening Australia...

 11WHseeding_day5planiting.drymix.pic1 12WHseeding_day5planiting.alittlewater
13WHseeding_day5planiting.wetmix.pic2 

 Ive got one of these little window boxes.. they are great and will fit about 50 seeds... here Ive just placed some nylon insul on the bottom.. this will help stop the wormcastings from draining through too easily and help keep it moist... these will be going straight under the 400 watter...
fill to about an inch below the top with the seedling mix and just create a couple of trenches for the seeds to sit in....

13aWHseeding_day5planiting.planterprep.pic3 13bWHseeding_day5planiting.planterprep.pic213cWHseeding_day5planiting.planterprep.pic3

Ok just carefully tip the seeds out on some paper towel.. I will only plant the strong ones... so let the first cull begin... here you can see them tipped out and then the ones that didn't make it...

14WHseeding_day5planiting.thebeans.pic115WHseeding_day5planiting.thebeans.pic2

16WHseeding_day5planiting.thebeans.pic3

 Picking the best ones... just lay them side by side about 15-20mm apart... have the taproot facing like this so they dont grow into each other... will make it easier to repot them after... then just back fill(cover) with a little more of the mix and level out... have the seeds about 20-25mm below the soil... then give it a good watering... and then let drain... before you place it under the 400watter...

yes the 400 no piss ant flouros... they give a weak stalk... the 400 is the go thats for sure... just have it about 2 foot from the top... it doesn't have to be right up close at this stage...

 17WHseeding_day5planiting.thebeans.pic4  18WHseeding_day5planiting.allwatered.pic1O

Ok, they have been under the 400 for 4 days now.. and have pretty much all cracked the soil and going strong..

19WHseeding_day9seedling.pic1

day 14... day 9 in the soil... these are cranking... ive been watering these once a day.. which seems to be plenty...on half strength veg nutes... at about 800-1000ppm

20WHseeding_day14seedling.pic1 22WHseeding_day14seedling.pic3

Day 19 from the start... 2 weeks under the 400... these are cranking nice and chunky.. ready to repot.. you dont want them too much bigger... time to give them thier own space... also time for the second culling... ok I planted 48 seedlings... now its time to sull them down to 24.. that fits nicely in the foam tubs I use.. I can fit more.. but really I just want the strong ones... so out with the weak...
ok heres some pics at 2 weeks...

24WHseeding_day19seedling.pic1 25WHseeding_day19seedling.pic2

26WHseeding_day19seedling.pic3 

 2 weeks under the 400 these are ready to pot out... out of all these seeds these is absolutely no variation... just some havent grown as well as others.. but the leaf structure is all the same through out... make this process so much easier.. the consistancy is good from 48 seedlings I would say this strain is pure...

27WHseeding_day19.repot.pic1  28WHseeding_day19.repot.thechosen

 Just carefully dig them out with a fork... just knock all the dirt off... no need to wash them.. if they were going in to a system then I guess I would wash them.. but these will be hand watered over the next week until I decide to sex them...

29WHseeding_day19.repot.thechosen.pic1  30WHseeding_day19.repot.thechosen.pic3
31WHseeding_day19.repot.thechosen.pic2 

Here Ive set up a couple of foam tubs.. pretty simple, the top one has drainage holes and then I ve just filled with perlite... and straight back under the 400.. this time I ve raised the seedlings up to get them a little closer to the light... from now on I will be feeding them full strength nutes.. starting at 1500ppm.. then raising it upto 1800ppm...over the coming weeks...

32WHseeding_day20.pic1  33WHseeding_day20.pic3

 seedlings are at 28 days now... I think maybe at the repotting stage it would be a good idea to mix the perlite with a bit of rock wool... I am hand feeding these 4 times a day and it doesnt seem to be enough??
so I am guessing straight perlite isnt the go and mixing it 50/50 with rockwool.. thegranulated shit would be perfect ... would have been easier... especially for the watering...
oh.. that burning on the leaves is from nute spillage... not a real good idea... those leaves will be cut of any way.. but try and avoid it...

34WHseeding_day28.pic1 

Day 39 now...these are ready for sexing... pretty simple just switch the timer to 12/12 and start watering with full strength(1800ppm) flowering nutrients. This method is the best way Ive found for sexing and is the most accurate, they will sex themselves at about 6-8 weeks but this way forces them into flower...
Ive had these on 12/12 for the last 3 days... and feeding flower nutes at 1800ppm... some are starting to show definate signs of sex... others are a little slow... its the vigorous plants I want.. so I will give them another 2 days.. and what hasnt shown definate signs will be culled... this ensures what ever I seed will have strong genes...
well heres a few pics.... check out the leaf growing inside the leaf.. trippy hey... theres a few like that... also this clone here has self tipped, you can see how its split and has 2 main crowns...

35WHseeding_day39.pic1.sexing 36WHseeding_day39.pic2.sexing.leafinleaf
37WHseeding_day39.pic3sexing.selfsplittingcrown

another week on.. these have been sexing for a week now... most have shown sex.. and Ive picked out the male and female I will cross... both are very stocky looking plants and looks like they will produce well...
here you can see them at day 47... also a couple of pics showing the female sex.. and one showing the male ball.... I will leave them a few more days just so they show definate signs .... and hopefully I can get better pics...
they are ready now to prune back and regrow.. but another few days wont hurt.. and i've got 4 weeks up my sleeve...

38WHseeding_day47.sexing 39WHseeding_day47.sexing.female.pic1
40WHseeding_day47.sexing.female.pic2 41WHseeding_day47.sexing.male.pic1

well the seedlings have definately finished showing thier sex... heres a few pics...
a couple of shots of the male... here you can see the ball sacks... all male...

42WHseeding_day50.sexing.allballs  43WHseeding_day50.sexing.allballs.pic2

heres a pick of a gender confused plant.. IE its... ITS showing both genders at the sexing sites this plant has fibres on one opposite sides.. I had a couple more that you couldnt really see properly... one had fibres on one side and balls the other.. and also I had one that showed, three sites had fibres and only one site had balls... iether way they are all hermies.. so the bin for them...

44WHseeding_day50.sexing.balls_all

and heres a pic of the female, you can see all sexing sites have fibres coming out of it... this is a very simple way to make definately sure the sex of the plants before you start growing them... all up these plants are 50 days old... from the day the seeds were planted they have been on 12/12 for 11 days... but as you can see 7 days is usually about enough to get them to sex...

45WHseeding_day50.sexing.fibres.everywhere

ok out of 48 seedlings..culled to 24 seedlings I have 10 pure females 6 males .. and the rest are just confused.. theres a few that havent shown sex at all yet so theyre out too...
the 1st pic is of the females.. the 2nd is the males.. the 3rd the gender confused.. and all together
now to pick a choice male and female to cross.. and ditch the rest... not the females, I will prune them back and grow them out...

46WHseeding_day50.sexing.females 47WHseeding_day50.sexing.males
48WHseeding_day50.sexing.genderconfused 49WHseeding_day50.sexing.alltogether

 

now the breeding pair... 1st pic is the female, the 2nd is the male and both together... these will be for seeds...

 50WHseeding_day50.sexing.breedingfemale 51WHseeding_day50.sexing.breedingmale 52WHseeding_day50.sexing.M_F.4crossing

now to prune them back and put them back onto 18/6... ive left between 6-8 branches on each.. so its quite a severe pruning.. these could most probably be cloned... I am not going to bother...
heres a couple of pics of one pruned back and then all together... back under the light... 

53WHseeding_day50.sexing.pruned 54WHseeding_day50.sexing.pruned.pic2
55WHseeding_day50.sexing.allpruned

ok an update on the seedlings ... theyve been back on 18/6.. at this tage its day 60.. or 8 weeks.. these are ready to be pruned back again...
Ive got a couple of weeks to veg these so I will prune them right back close to the main stem... this will give me at least 12 main branches...  here you can see the before and after pruning pics...

56WHseeding_day60.veg.ready4pruning.pic2 57WHseeding_day60.veg.seedling.pic2
58WHseeding_day60.veg.seedling.pic1 59WHseeding_day60.veg.allpruned.pic2

Tutorial written by SukonmiSkunk for cannanation.com/ozstoners.com
 


 


How helpful was this article to you?

Related Articles

article Trichome Farming & The PieceMaker Process
An easy process to harvest trichome crystals from the waste of a cannabis crop.This is a really cheap and simple way to harvest crystals from the crap of the crop.. well not really crap as we will see.the grade of end product purely depends on the mesh in the silk. This mesh a little big as it lets a little green...

  8-1-2007    Views: 13504   



Copyright OS 2008 - 2011